Holarctic Redpoll

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Holarctic Redpoll
Common subspecies.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Clade: Nine-primaried oscines
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Tribe: Carduelini
Genus: Acanthis
Borkhausen, 1797
Species: A. flammea
Binomial name
Acanthis flammea
Linnaeus, 1758

See text



The Holarctic Redpoll, Acanthis flammea is a species of finch family Fringillidae found mostly in Europe and North America.


The European birds have sometimes been separated as Lesser Redpoll, Acanthis cabaret, (e.g., BOU) but genetic studies have failed to find any differences between them and Common Redpolls (Ottvall et al., 2002).[1] Worse, Marthinsen et al. (2008) found little genetic difference between any of the redpolls.[2] There may be only one redpoll species.[3]

Mason and Taylor's detailed study using SNP's (2015) found little genetic differentiation among the redpolls. At this point the balance of the evidence is that there is only one species involved.[4]


It contains the following subspecies:[3]

Other names[edit]


Similar species[edit]




The song of a Common Redpoll consists of a twittering series of trills while calls are a soft chit-chit-chit-chit and a faint swe-eet.[5]




  1. Ottvall, R., S. Bensch, G. Walinder, and J.T. Lifjeld (2002), No evidence of genetic differentiation between lesser redpolls Carduelis flammea cabaret and common redpolls Carduelis f. flammea, Avian Sci. 2, 237-244.
  2. Marthinsen, G., L. Wennerberg, and J.T. Lifjeld (2008), Low support for separate species within the redpoll complex (Carduelis flammea-hornemanni-cabaret) from analyses of mtDNA and microsatellite markers, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 47, 1005-1017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 John H. Boyd III (November 11, 2011). "CORE PASSEROIDEA II: Passeridae through Fringillidae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 20-04-2021.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. Mason, N.A., and S.A. Taylor (2015), Differentially expressed genes match bill morphology and plumage despite largely undifferentiated genomes in a Holarctic songbird, Mol. Ecol. (forthcoming).
  5. Krista Kagume (2005). Compact Guide to Ontario Birds. Lone Pine Publishing. ISBN 1551054671. 

External links[edit]