From All Birds Wiki

Temporal range: Paleocene-recent, 62–0 Ma
Black-browed albatross (Thalassarche melanophris) and southern rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes chrysocome)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Aequornithes
Clade: Austrodyptornithes
Yuri et al., 2013
  • Procellariimorphae[1]

Austrodyptornithes is a clade of birds that include the orders Sphenisciformes (penguins) and Procellariiformes (tube-nosed seabirds).[2] A 2014 analysis of whole genomes of 48 representative bird species concluded that penguins are the sister group of Procellariiformes,[3] from which they diverged about 60 million years ago.[4]


Spheniscidae (penguins)


Diomedeidae (albatrosses)

Oceanitidae (Austral or southern storm petrels)

Hydrobatidae (northern storm petrels)

Pelecanoididae (diving petrels)

Procellariidae (fulmarine petrels, gadfly petrels, prions, shearwaters)

(tube‑nosed seabirds)


  1. ^ Sangster, G.; Mayr, G. (2021). "Feraequornithes: a name for the clade formed by Procellariiformes, Sphenisciformes, Ciconiiformes, Suliformes and Pelecaniformes (Aves)". Vertebrate Zoology. 71: 49–53. doi:10.3897/vertebrate-zoology.71.e61728.
  2. ^ Yuri, T (2013). "Parsimony and model-based analyses of indels in avian nuclear genes reveal congruent and incongruent phylogenetic signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–44. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. PMC 4009869. PMID 24832669.
  3. ^ Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; Li, B.; Houde, P.; Li, C.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Faircloth, B. C.; Nabholz, B.; Howard, J. T.; Suh, A.; Weber, C. C.; Da Fonseca, R. R.; Li, J.; Zhang, F.; Li, H.; Zhou, L.; Narula, N.; Liu, L.; Ganapathy, G.; Boussau, B.; Bayzid, M. S.; Zavidovych, V.; Subramanian, S.; Gabaldon, T.; Capella-Gutierrez, S.; Huerta-Cepas, J.; Rekepalli, B.; Munch, K.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds" (PDF). Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. Bibcode:2014Sci...346.1320J. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. PMC 4405904. PMID 25504713. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-24. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  4. ^ Li, C.; Zhang, Y.; Li, J.; Kong, L.; Hu, H.; Pan, H.; Xu, L.; Deng, Y.; Li, Q.; Jin, L.; Yu, H.; Chen, Y.; Liu, B.; Yang, L.; Liu, S.; Zhang, Y.; Lang, Y.; Xia, J.; He, W.; Shi, Q.; Subramanian, S.; Millar, C. D.; Meader, S.; Rands, C. M.; Fujita, M. K.; Greenwold, M. J.; Castoe, T. A.; Pollock, D. D.; Gu, W.; et al. (2014-12-12). "Two Antarctic penguin genomes reveal insights into their evolutionary history and molecular changes related to the Antarctic environment". GigaScience. 3 (1): 27. doi:10.1186/2047-217X-3-27. PMC 4322438. PMID 25671092.

This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.