Edwards's Pheasant

Edwards's Pheasant
File:Edwards's Pheasant.png
Both sexes
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Galloanserae
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: {{{1}}}
Tribe: {{{1}}}
Genus: {{{1}}}
Species: L. edwardsi
Binomial name
Lophura edwardsi
(Oustalet, 1896)
Synonyms

Gennaeus Edwardsi (protonym)
Delacourigallus edwardsi
Hierophasis edwardsi

Taxonomy edit

Was formerly placed in the genus Delacourigallus and Hierophasis, but genetic studies found that no evidence that Lophura as currently constituted is polyphyletic;[2] the same study showed that Lophura comprises of five clades, of which L. edwardsi forms a clade with L. swinhoii.[2]

Form known as “Imperial Pheasant, L. imperialis” now known to be a hybrid between L. edwardsi and L. nycthemera.[3] Form hatinhensis, sometimes treated as a full species, L. hatinhensis or as a subspecies of L. edwardsi, now judged to be an unstable variant produced by inbreeding.[4]

Edwards's Pheasant includes Vietnamese Pheasant (L. hatinhensis). Its taxonomic status is uncertain, but species description inadequate and hypotheses re variation in Edwards's Pheasant unresolved.[5][6][4][7]

Description edit

Similar species edit

Behaviour edit

Diet edit

Calls edit

Reproduction edit

Distribution/habitat edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Lophura edwardsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2017. {{cite web}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  2. ^ a b Randi, E., Lucchini, V., Hennache, A., Kimball, R.T., Braun, E.L. & Ligon J.D. (2001) Evolution of the mitochondrial DNA control region and cytochrome b genes and the inference of phylogenetic relationships in the avian genus Lophura (Galliformes). Mol. Phyl. & Evol. 19(2): 187–201.
  3. ^ Hennache, A., Rasmussen, P.C., Lucchini, V., Rimondi, S. & Randi, E. (2003) Hybrid origin of the Imperial Pheasant Lophura imperialis (Delacour & Jabouille, 1924) demonstrated by morphology, hybrid experiments and DNA analyses. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 80(4): 573–600.
  4. ^ a b Hennache, Mahood, Eames, Randi. 2012. Lophura hatinhensis is an invalid taxon. Forktail 28: 129-135.
  5. ^ McGowan, PJK., 1994. Family Phasianidae (Pheasants and Partridges), pp. 434‐553. In: Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2. J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott & J. Sargatal (Eds.). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  6. ^ Madge, S. and McGowan, P. (2002) Pheasants, partridges and grouse: A guide to the pheasants, quails, grouse, guineafowl, buttonquails, and sandgrouse of the world. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
  7. ^ ????[verification needed]

External links edit

Projects

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File:Paw 1.png This article is part of Project Aves, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each bird, including made-up species.
This article is part of Project Galliformes, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each gallinaceous bird, including made-up species.
This article is part of Project Phasianidae, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each pheasant and ally, including made-up species.