Edwards's Pheasant

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Edwards's Pheasant
File:Edwards's Pheasant.png
Both sexes
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Galloanserae
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: {{{1}}}
Tribe: {{{1}}}
Genus: {{{1}}}
Species: L. edwardsi
Binomial name
Lophura edwardsi
(Oustalet, 1896)
Synonyms

Gennaeus Edwardsi (protonym)
Delacourigallus edwardsi
Hierophasis edwardsi

Taxonomy[edit]

Was formerly placed in the genus Delacourigallus and Hierophasis, but genetic studies found that no evidence that Lophura as currently constituted is polyphyletic;[2] the same study showed that Lophura comprises of five clades, of which L. edwardsi forms a clade with L. swinhoii.[2]

Form known as “Imperial Pheasant, L. imperialis” now known to be a hybrid between L. edwardsi and L. nycthemera.[3] Form hatinhensis, sometimes treated as a full species, L. hatinhensis or as a subspecies of L. edwardsi, now judged to be an unstable variant produced by inbreeding.[4]

Edwards's Pheasant includes Vietnamese Pheasant (L. hatinhensis). Its taxonomic status is uncertain, but species description inadequate and hypotheses re variation in Edwards's Pheasant unresolved.[5][6][4][7]

Description[edit]

Similar species[edit]

Behaviour[edit]

Diet[edit]

Calls[edit]

Reproduction[edit]

Distribution/habitat[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lophura edwardsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2017. {{cite web}}: Invalid |ref=harv (help)
  2. ^ a b Randi, E., Lucchini, V., Hennache, A., Kimball, R.T., Braun, E.L. & Ligon J.D. (2001) Evolution of the mitochondrial DNA control region and cytochrome b genes and the inference of phylogenetic relationships in the avian genus Lophura (Galliformes). Mol. Phyl. & Evol. 19(2): 187–201.
  3. ^ Hennache, A., Rasmussen, P.C., Lucchini, V., Rimondi, S. & Randi, E. (2003) Hybrid origin of the Imperial Pheasant Lophura imperialis (Delacour & Jabouille, 1924) demonstrated by morphology, hybrid experiments and DNA analyses. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 80(4): 573–600.
  4. ^ a b Hennache, Mahood, Eames, Randi. 2012. Lophura hatinhensis is an invalid taxon. Forktail 28: 129-135.
  5. ^ McGowan, PJK., 1994. Family Phasianidae (Pheasants and Partridges), pp. 434‐553. In: Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 2. J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott & J. Sargatal (Eds.). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  6. ^ Madge, S. and McGowan, P. (2002) Pheasants, partridges and grouse: A guide to the pheasants, quails, grouse, guineafowl, buttonquails, and sandgrouse of the world. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
  7. ^ ????[verification needed]

External links[edit]

Projects

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File:Paw 1.png This article is part of Project Aves, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each bird, including made-up species.
This article is part of Project Galliformes, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each gallinaceous bird, including made-up species.
This article is part of Project Phasianidae, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each pheasant and ally, including made-up species.