Pheasant

From All Birds Wiki

Pheasants
Mongolian Ringneck-type Common Pheasant cock
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Galloanserae
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: {{{1}}}
Tribe: {{{1}}}
Horsfield, 1821
Genus

Pheasants refer to some members of the Phasianinae (Horsfield, 1821) subfamily of Phasianidae in the order Galliformes.

Pheasants are characterised by strong sexual dimorphism, males being highly ornate with bright colours and adornments such as wattles and long tails. Males are usually larger than females and have longer tails. Males play no part in rearing the young. Pheasants typically eat seeds and some insects.

The best-known is the Common Pheasant, which is widespread throughout the world in introduced feral populations and in farm operations. Various other pheasant species are popular in aviaries, such as the Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus).

Species in taxonomic order[edit]

This list is ordered to show presumed relationships between species

Genus Perdix

Genus Syrmaticus, Long-tailed Pheasants

Genus Phasianus, Typical Pheasants

Genus Chrysolophus, Ruffed Pheasants

Genus Catreus

Genus Crossoptilon, Eared Pheasants

Genus Lophura, Gallopheasants

Pheasant Fowling.--"Showing how to catch Pheasants."--Fac-simile of a Miniature in the Manuscript of the "Livre du Roy Modus" (Fourteenth Century).
File:Cheer Pheasant.png
Cheer Pheasant pair in Himalaya, India

Previous classifications [edit]

Euplocamus and Gennceus are older names more or less corresponding to the current Lophura.

These old genera were used for:

Vernacular Hume & Marshall Finn: Sporting Birds Finn: Game Birds Contemporary
Vieilott's Crested Fireback E. vielloti Lophura rufa (sic) L. ignita rufa
Black-backed Kalij E. melanonotus G. melanonotus L. leucomelanos melanota
Common or White-crested Kalij E. albocristatus G. albocristatus L. leucomelanos hamiltoni
Nepal Kalij E. leucomelanus G. leucomelanus L. leucomelanos leucomelanos
Purple, Horsfield's or Black-breasted Kalij E. horsfieldi G. horsfieldi L. leucomelanos lathami
Lineated Kalij E. lineatus G. lineatus also: Burmese Silver Pheasant L. leucomelanos lineata
Anderson's Silver Pheasant ? G. andersoni, considered hybrid of L. nycthemera and L. l. lineata L. nycthemera andersoni (invalid)
Crawfurd's Silver Pheasant (or Crawford's? ) E. andersoni considered a further cross of Anderson's and L. l. lineata ?
Crawfurd's Kalij (same as C.'s Silver Pheasant?) ? G. andersoni L. leucomelanos crawfurdi
Cuvier's Kalij ? G. cuvieri ?
Oates's Kalij ? G. oatesi L. leucomelanos oatesi
Whitehead's Silver Pheasant ? G. whiteheadi ?
Swinhoe's Kalij ? G. swinhoii L. swinhoii

References[edit]

  • Beebe, William. 1918-22. A Monograph of the Pheasants. 1st edition in 4 volumes: H. F. Witherby, London. Reprint: 1990, Dover Publications.(4 volumes bound as 2). ISBN 0-486-26579-X and ISBN 0-486-26580-3. Republished as: Pheasants: Their Lives and Homes. 2 vols. 1926. Single volume edition: New York Zoological Society, 1936.)
  • Green-Armytage, Stephen. 2002. Extraordinary Pheasants.Harry N. Abrams, Inc., New York. Book ISBN 0-8109-1007-1.
  • Madge and McGowan, Pheasants, Partridges and Grouse ISBN 0-7136-3966-0

External links[edit]

This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
File:Blood Pheasant.png This article is part of Project Bird Subfamilies, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each bird subfamily, including made-up families.