Surf Scoter

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Surf Scoter
Temporal range: Pleistocene–Recent
File:Melanitta perspicillata.png
Adult male
File:Melanitta perspicillata female.png
Adult female
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Galloanserae
Clade: Odontoanserae
Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae
Subfamily: Anatinae
Genus: Melanitta
Subgenus: Melanitta
Species: M. perspicillata
Binomial name
Melanitta perspicillata
Range of M. perspicillata      Breeding range     Wintering range
Synonyms

Anas perspicillata Linnaeus, 1758

Click for other names
Other common names Red-billed Scoter, Skunkhead Coot, Skunk-headed coot, Spotty-nosed Scoter, Surf Duck, Surf Scoter

Surf Scoter, Melanitta perspicillata is a species of sea duck called a scoter. It is found in northern North America and winters to Baja California and s US.[2] It is sister to the M. fusca complex, the White-winged and Velvet scoters, and together these taxa are sister to the M. nigra complex, the Black and Common scoters (Livezey 1995).[3] Fossils of this species have been found in Alaska (Brodkorb 1964),[4] Oregon, Pennsylvania, England and Scotland (Palmer 1976).[5] Monotypic.[6]

Description[edit]

Similar species[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2018). "Melanitta perspicillata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22680441A132528934. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22680441A132528934.en.
  2. ^ "Melanitta perspicillata". Avibase.
  3. ^ Livezey, B.C. (1995). Phylogeny and evolutionary ecology of modern seaducks (Anatidae: Mergini). Condor. 97(1): 233–255.http://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/condor/v097n01/p0233-p0255.pdf
  4. ^ Brodkorb, P. (1964). Catalogue of fossil birds: Part 2 (Anseriformes through Galliformes). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 8: 246.
  5. ^ Palmer, R. S. (1976). Handbook of North American Birds, Volume 2: Waterfowl. Part 1. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, USA.
  6. ^ Dunn, Jon L. and Alderfer, Jonathan (2011). National Geographic Completely Birds of North America. National Geographic Society. ISBN 9781426213731.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit]

Projects

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File:Paw 1.png This article is part of Project Aves, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each bird, including made-up species.
This article is part of Project Anseriformes, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each waterfowl, including made-up species.
This article is part of Project Anatidae, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each waterfowl, including made-up species.